Kabul Afghanistan Events
Negotiations between the Taliban and the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan began in Doha, Qatar, but violence continues and appears to be escalating. Talks began in January with the aim of reaching an agreement with the Taliban that would allow the United States to withdraw its troops from Afghanistan and end its long war in exchange for Taliban security guarantees. An agreement that provides for the withdrawal of US troops in Afghanistan, but also a long-term, multi-pronged strategy for peace and security in the country. An agreement that calls for the withdrawal of all U.S. troops from Afghanistan, and also a longer strategic plan for the nation - with ranges and billions of dollars.
By now, it should be clear to the Taliban and opponents of progress in Afghanistan that the only real way to achieve a long-term, multi-pronged strategy for peace and security in Afghanistan is through a lasting political settlement with the Afghan Government. This would require Taliban that fit the vision of a united and democratic Afghanistan.
American troops have been in Afghanistan for 17 years, and the truth is that the battle between the Taliban and other insurgent forces continues even after the withdrawal of US troops from the country. Some will say that we have controlled terrorism within Afghanistan, which led to our withdrawal, but the most important issues are: the Taliban have guaranteed that they will not turn Afghanistan into a launching pad for global terrorist attacks. Afghan government forces, as long as they do not act against them, in violation of the agreement with the US. The issue of the release of Taliban prisoners by the United States and its allies in the Middle East and North Africa continues to simmer.
US officials fear a renewed support for the Taliban among Afghan citizens and the possibility of a new wave of terror attacks in the country. The events triggered a wave of violence in Afghanistan and the rise of the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS). The Taliban launched a series of attacks on government forces in Kabul and other cities, trapping a number of Afghan civilians in the crossfire and displacing tens of thousands of residents. A puritanical Islamic group led by former Mujahideen commander Mohammad Omar emerged in part as a response to the fall of 1994, and took control of some of those countries by occupying Kabul in 1996 and Kandahar in 1997.
In the 2000s, the Taliban gained further ground, eventually taking control of large parts of Afghanistan. The Taliban has made significant gains in southern and eastern Afghanistan, where Pashtun tribes have sympathized with their agenda, and in the eastern provinces of Kandahar and Helmand.
The Americans have also teamed up with a little-known tribal leader named Hamid Karzai, including his son Ashraf Ghani. The Afghan king was Pashtun, most Taliban are Pashtuns and modern presidents like Karzai and Ghani
The HIG is allied with the Taliban insurgents, and its fighters sometimes clash with the Taliban, and many militants in the region have ties to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS) and Al Qaeda. The HIG has allied itself with some Taliban insurgents, and Russia does not want to see the state fail. For the Afghan government, the entry of the Taliban into its political system would be an existential challenge, because it would fundamentally and irreversibly change the nature of that state and anchor the Taliban in Afghanistan. After the defeat of the Taliban regime, one of its main challenges is to stabilise Afghan society, which is severely divided after three decades of conflict and violence.
The peace process in Afghanistan was shaken by the assassination of Burhanuddin Rabbani in Kabul at the end of September. The Taliban took control of about 90% of Afghanistan in the 1990s, following the collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of World War II. Afghan President Hamid Karzai and his government were overthrown in May, ending Taliban rule.
NATO forces cleared areas in southern Afghanistan of the Taliban, but most of those areas fell back under Taliban control soon after NATO troops left. Since then, Taliban attacks have increased and intensified, and militants have defected from eastern Afghanistan to Pakistan's tribal areas. Taliban leaders such as Mullah Akhtar Mansour, the leader of the Islamic State of Afghanistan and Pakistan, have invaded southern Afghanistan to terrorize villagers and attack Afghan and U.S. troops.
With the help of al-Qaida, the Taliban seized control of 90% of Afghan territory in the summer of 2001, and the war seemed to be going well. By the end of 2011, it had plunged Afghanistan essentially into a civil war with the US government and its allies.
Violence and discrimination against women and girls persist throughout Afghanistan, and parts of Afghanistan are still controlled by al-Qaeda, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), and other terrorist groups. Moreover, a Pentagon report indicates that the US is facing an increase in terrorist attacks in eastern Afghanistan, which borders eastern Pakistan. It has also been reported that ISIS controls training camps across Afghanistan and has built a network of bases in various Afghan cities, including Kabul. The Taliban and its Afghan offshoot ISIS are active in Kabul and have carried out attacks on schools and universities before.